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All over the world, people love to start their day with a cup of coffee. “Coffee in the morning” is a universal word today. Different kinds of people have different interests in the flavor of coffee. 

There are lots of ways to make different types of coffee. We all have our own choice for consuming coffee in our daily life. Some people prefer espresso machines for making coffee, and others prefer pour-overs, french presses.

A large number of people love readymade coffee. In this world, people are so busy that they don’t prefer their comfort zone to save time for work. We all enjoy coffee, but most like to have a readymade coffee at any shop.

So if we look at the story, coffee has been popular since 500 years ago. At that time, people used several ways to make coffee, and the taste of that coffee was far different from now.

For that reason, some of the older people still don’t like the coffee in the store or homemade espresso coffee.

In today’s world, they like to have their coffee according to the classical way.

In that period brewing coffee and making coffee was different from the modern generation. We usually use Espresso or a normal coffee maker machine to create our coffee, but the previous period differed.

Maybe a curiosity has grown in your mind about how was coffee made in the old west. Researching and knowing this thing is fascinating. We are going to describe the older process of making coffee.

how did they make coffee in the old days

A brief history of manual brewing coffee

There is no exact information about when and where consuming coffee started. A large number of researchers argued that it began near in a location which is in Ethiopia. This argument is not 100% confirmed by anyone’s lack of enough information.

Catherine M Tuckers have written a book called coffee culture. She mentioned in her book that the genres of Ethiopian people started coffee consumption, and they are called Oromo. The Oromo people were European travelers. They mix the coffee beans and cherries with the animal fat to make a calorically dense food ball.

In the mid-15th century, the Turkish Ottoman Empire expanded the coffee reach to North Africa, Europe, and Asia. They controlled the main trade routes between Asia, Africa, and Europe.

So on that period the Turkey people has invented the brewing process of coffee and they also have started of using coffee as a drink. They have found a way to make drinkable coffee. They roasted the coffee beans with a manual mortar, added the boiled water to the brewing coffee, and again boiled them together.

They boiled the coffee in a special pot which was named cezve. This process started in the sultan’s kitchen and spread very fast to the general people of the Ottoman Empire. Then it came across the wealthy homes from other places.

At that time, Ottoman Turks started a monopoly business with coffee because they only had the invention of brewing coffee, which is drinkable. But within a very short time, the European government smuggled the recipe and started growing coffee beans in Africa. Because of a large amount of consumer demand, various European governments decided to produce large quantities of coffee and export it to the whole world.

We all know that coffee is very popular as a drink. So in the 18th century, there was a colonial revolution where people started consuming coffee in large volumes, becoming a trendy drink worldwide. At that time, coffee was consumed by the wealthier people only. Still, after a very short time, the invention of brewing coffee became very popular and affordable, so many people have started consuming coffee.

Then according to the final result, coffee consumption doubled in the previous period when the coffee price became too affordable. Coffee as a drink has been very popular since the 18th century and till now.

How was coffee brewed in the old west?

There are lots of methods used to make coffee in the past. Different countries have a different system of making brewed coffee. We are going to describe the methods of how did they make coffee in the old days.

Ibrik Method:

Coffee became a product for export in the 13th century. It was a globally traded product in that period. At that time, they put the coffee grounds into the hot water, and the process was very long because it took more than five hours, sometimes half of the day. In the 16th century, coffee became very popular and was produced as significant for growing demand.

Turkey, Egypt, and Persia were the best coffee suppliers then, and they started a monopoly market with coffee only. Turkey was the home of brewing coffee, and they named it the Ibrik method. The Ibrik method is still popular today.

The name Ibrik has named after a small pot. The pot’s name was Ibrik or cezve, which was used for the brew of Turkish coffee at that time. It was a small metal pot with a one-sided serving tube and a large handle to grab the pot. They added sugar, spices, and water with the ground coffee to the pot for brewing.

According to the Ibrik method of Turkish coffee, they made the mixers and boiled them until the mixers didn’t make a brink. Then they make cold the coffee and heat for several times. After the long process, the coffee gets poured and is ready to drink. It was served with foam on top, a renowned Turkish tradition. This method was a revolutionary invention for making coffee, and it became trendy quickly.

Biggin Pots and Metal Filters

In the Earliest of the 17th century, European travelers brought the recipe from the Turkish people, which was spread in Italy first. The Colonial revolution has increased the use of coffee to a certain level. At that time, a huge number of coffee shops were built for local gatherings.

Coffee pots were the primary brewing equipment in those coffee shops. They put the ground coffee and water in the pot and boiled them. In that pot, sharp spouts helped filter out the coffee grinds, and the flat bottom helped absorb the heat.

The historian commented that the first coffee filter was a sock. They used a sock to pour the hot water. They also used cloth as a filter, but it was costly and less effective than paper. Within 200 years, these processes were under their tradition and were unseen to the whole world.

Mr. Biggin was the first commercial coffee maker in 1780. He has founded the fault of cloth filtering and the poor drainage. Biggin pots were very popular then, and people still use them. The modern biggin pots are much more developed than in the 18th century. Under the Biggin pots, three or four parts of tin filter have been added, which helps to filter the coffee.

A couple of times later, in the 18th century, the Biggin pots developed with few features. The filter and the pot were made of metal to distribute the coffee from the water. This design was invented in 1802 in France. In the 18th century, Frech people invented a drip pot that could filter the coffee without boiling. These inventions have created a revolution of Biggin pots and metal filters.

manual brewing coffee

Siphon Pots

Siphon pots were a revolutionary invention for coffee making process. It is assumed that the Siphon pots were invented in Berlin in 1830. It was a commercially exported product, and the commercial product was started with the hand of Amelia Massot in 1840. Then in 1910, the pot started exporting to the US, and it became very popular for the specialty of the pot.

The popularity of the siphon pot has increased only for its beautiful design. The siphon pot resembles a sandglass. The pot has two glass domes and also a heat source. The heat source provides pressure to throw the water through the siphon so that the water can mix with the coffee. When the filtering process has been finished after the filter, the coffee is ready to drink.

Siphon pots are available today, and people are using these pots regularly. The siphon pot coffee-making process was straightforward and automated, so it became very popular then. At that time, some new pots were invented, but few became very popular, like the Italian Moka pot, which was invented in 1993.

Coffee Percolators

Coffee percolator has founded in the earliest 19th century. It was used for the brewing of coffee. An American physicist called Sir Benjamin Thompson invented who was the founder of the coffee percolator.

After a few years In Paris, a man called Joshep Henry Marie invented a percolator pot that is likely to the stovetop model, which is very popular with the modern generation and its solt from that period till now. In the United States, James Nason invented prototype percolators for different coffee-making methods, which are still popular. But the modern percolator was invented in 1889 in the United States, and the inventor was Hanson Goodrich. This invention is the modern using material, and very few things have been changed on the percolator.

Before modern invention, coffee was made through decoction through a pot. The process was very simple: mixing the coffee grind with the boiled water. The method is also still practiced today, and it was a revolutionary method at that time. The percolator method was very easy and popular because it was made from the original grinds, and there was no need to filter the coffee before consuming it.

The whole percolator system works through an automated process where heat and boiling water create steam pressure. A tube was connected between the water and the percolator. After providing heat for some time, the water pressure rises and reaches the bottom boil. The water has crossed the upper limit of the pot and reached the coffee ground, and then the coffee is ready to drink.

This process lasts a long time sometimes; it takes a few periods of steam. Today rising steam is viral, but at that time, they used the down flow method instead of increasing steam.

The Chemex

A famous German chemist and inventor called Peter J Schlumbohm invented the Chemex in 1941. It was one of the best inventions of his lifetime. They have a family chemical business, and he worked there as a chemist.

He exhibited the new model of Chemex as a coffee maker machine at the world fair in New York in 1939. After inventing Chemex, he made a Chemex corporation that manufactures the Chemex and markets it.

The invention was unique and modern type invention. At that time, Chemex had the highest priority as a brand, and the Museum of Modern Art endorsed it.

In Chemex, there was used pour over method to make the coffee. A paper filter does the filtering process when the water passes through a bed of coffee. The Chemex filter was heavier than the typical filters. The brewing process through Chemex was very hard because it kept out more solids and made a clear cup of coffee.

Espresso Machines

The next, the Espresso machine, was the biggest revolution of coffee making machine world. The espresso machine has changed the coffee industry. This is a notable invention in coffee brewing. The espresso machine started its journey in 1884. The espresso machine has been used since a long time ago in coffee shops, and still, all coffee shops are using the espresso machine to make coffee. The first espresso machine was invented in Italy, and the inventor was Angelo Moriondo. He structured the machine and made it possible quickly, and it became a memorable history.

Today’s espresso machine can produce a bulk amount of coffee within a very short time. Still, the previous espresso machine needed to make the bulk amount of coffee quickly. The older machine uses water and the pressure of the steam to make a cup of coffee.

Within a few years, Desiderio and Bezerra started the espresso machine’s commercialization. They have updated the machine, which was different from the first invention. They have updated the machine as it could produce more than 1k coffee within an hour.

Moriondo’s original Espresso could brew only one cup of coffee ingredients, but Bezerra and Pavoni’s machine can make thousands of cups within an hour. The machine was imported to America in 1927. New York was the first city to get the espresso coffee’s first taste. 

The old Espresso machine’s coffee and the modern espresso machine’s coffee have many differences in taste and smell. The reason behind the difference is that the older coffee-making mechanism and the modern coffee-making mechanism have a large difference. Milanese and Gaggia are called the father of the espresso machine.

The water pressure of the espresso machine was very high, which helped steam the coffee very fast and took less time to make the coffee; according to the machine’s name, the coffee was also named espresso coffee. The espresso machine can make smoother and richer coffee. This invention has taken coffee in a new direction and level.

Moka Pot

When coffee reached a certain level across Europe, France and Germany were not the only countries where manual brewing methods were available. The people of the 18th century saw many mechanical espresso machines being patented.

In 1933 Moka pot was invented by Alfonso Bialetti. He designed the Moka pot to use on a stove, and the pot had three parts. Using the steam [pressure, it passes the boiled water through a funnel, and the ground coffee is deposited into another chamber.

This invention was unique, and it has made a revolution in the coffee business. It also increases the company’s competition for coffee-making machine instruments.

French Press

It is assumed that the French press which is originated in France. The Italian and French claimed that the French press was invented through them. Frenchmen Mayer and Delforge patented the French press prototype for the first time in 1852. But the French press we use daily is different from the first invented prototype. What we are using today was founded in 1928 in Italy by Attilio Calimani and Giulio Moneta, and the French press we are using today was founded in 1958. Faliero Bondanini patented it, and he was a Swiss-Italian inventor.

The French press coffee-making process is kinda same as the espresso press. Mixing hot water with coarsely ground coffee makes the hot coffee. First of all, it soaked the coffee for a few minutes, and there was a metal plunger separating the coffee from the used grinds to make ready the pouring. The French coffee press has a rich flavor and a very simple process; that’s the reason why the coffee press is famous all over the world.

Instant Coffee

Instant coffee is very straightforward than the French press. For instant coffee, there is no need to brew the coffee for the whole making process. Instant coffee was founded first in the 18th century in Great Britain. It’s just a simple process where the coffee is added to the water, and the coffee is ready to drink. During the civil war of the 1850s instant coffee was developed in America.

According to various sources, it is known that the first invention of instant coffee was made in 1890 in New Zealand and the name of the inventor is David Strang. Chemist Satori Kato invented the first version of instant tea, which is similar to instant coffee. In 1910, George Constant Louis Washington produced instant coffee massively in the United States.

Instant coffee had some problems with taste and hiccups when it was first invented. It couldn’t earn respect where another coffee was leading in the top position. Its making process was straightforward, but the taste could have been better than the other coffee. But then, a coffee scientist experimented the coffee to make a significant development of the coffee taste, and they got succeeded in 1960 with the dry freezing process. This process has worked, increasing instant coffee’s richness.

how was coffee made in the old west

Commercial coffee filter

It’s been a long time in various way people are making coffee with filters. The sock or cloth filtering system has become an automated filtering system. But in today’s world, many commercial coffee machines use popper filters. Very few people are interested in taking a cup of coffee with the old method.

Melitta Bentz was the first inventor of the paper filter coffee-making process. According to the old story, the making process was too long, and it was very frustrating to clean the coffee residue. She used a piece of paper from her child’s notebook and made a line from the bottom of the coffee pot. Then she filled the pot with coffee grinds and then poured them into boiled water over the grind. So this is the way paper filter has created their way.

The Kalita Wave

This Japanese company has been producing coffee equipment and paper filters for over 70 years. They created the coffee dripper which is called Kalita Wave in 2010.

Kalita wave has three extraction holes with a flat bottom, creating a channel for the water in the coffee bed and going down through the coffee ground to make a crisp cup of coffee. The dripper connects with the filter to create temperature consistency and disperses the water.

The flat bottom controls the water flow to the coffee and also predicts the coffee’s water consumption power. It helps to create a flavorful coffee.

The Kalita wave is made of metal, so you can use it on a stove. If you prefer glass or ceramic, it is also available from the company.

Hario V60

Hario V60 is a manual coffee maker. It was created following the Chemex and also originated from a chemistry background. Hario V60 was founded in 2015 and created by the Tokyo Company. They usually produce the Hario V60 model and sell it to the market. It has made a revolution to the manual coffee brewing industry and also a very sustainable method which is continuing till now.

The cone angle of the Hario V60 is 60 degrees, so it is named from the cone angle. It has the best three qualities, which is why it became very popular in the coffee market. To give the grounds more time to absorb the water, its cone shape allows the water to be poured over to flow into its center. Second, because it only has one hole, the flavor of the coffee may be changed by varying the rate at which water is poured in. The cone also includes spiral ribs on the interior that increase airflow and maximize the expansion of the coffee grounds.

The Hario V60 model enters the market with its ceramic and glass body. Then they introduced the plastic model, and lastly, they used metal body infrastructure to enter the market. It can maintain higher thermal conductivity and provides better heat for better extraction.

Conclusion:

From civilization to civilization, coffee has been welcomed as a drink containing its value for a long time. From the Ottoman Empire till now, coffee has been a morning drink, and still, its performance in people’s minds is very positive.

The brewing, grinding, and boiling process differs from generation to generation. The coffee-making process was manual five hundred years ago but now technology has advanced, and the process has become very easy.

We all are curious about the old coffee-making process and the flavor of the coffee before. We cannot define the exact taste of coffee before, but we have a vast amount of knowledge regarding how was coffee made in the old west.

Home coffee machines were the main content of that period because no readymade coffee or coffee shops were available after the 19th century. Coffee shops had increased rapidly when the espresso machine came into the market.

If you can collect any of the machines described, you can easily make coffee with the machines, and you may get the exact flavor of the old coffee. Modern machines have changed our life, so the interest in making old coffee while maintaining the old process has decreased. Making coffee with the old machine and method is the hobby of many people. If you are one of them, then you have to collect the old machine, and you also have to collect the coffee beans to maintain the whole process. You can enjoy Espresso, cappuccino, or regular coffee with those machines, and you will be experienced how was coffee brewed in the old west.

As an Amazon & Walmart Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.